Cars run at their fastest speeds when traveling in a straight line, and Formula 1 is no different. F1 racers drive at over 215 mph on the rightmost sections of the track. But when it comes to taking tight turns, that speed just isn’t possible. To avoid cornering and crashing, racers must slow down and use physics to make the most efficient turns – all while maintaining the greatest amount of speed. Ideally, the way they run gives them an edge over the competition.
The most efficient path through any corner (or set of corners) is generally referred to as the “ideal race line.”
This line changes depending on the path of the track before and after the turn, but the goal is always to spend as little time in the turn as possible. That means that the full width of the track should be used to minimize the angle the car makes around the bend, so that the driver can ultimately drive through the most speed through it.
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